Chemotherapy in Jaipur
Chemotherapy: Treatment of Cancer with anti-cancer drugs and medicines.
Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms (palliative chemotherapy).
Mechanism of Action of Chemotherapy: By inhibiting the process of cell division known as mitosis and destroying cells
- Concurrent chemotherapy: the use of chemotherapy drugs with other cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy.
- Induction chemotherapy is the first line treatment of cancer with a chemotherapeutic drug. This type of chemotherapy is used for
- Consolidation chemotherapy is given after remission in order to prolong the overall disease-free time and improve overall survival.
The drug that is administered is the same as the drug that achieved remission.
- Intensification chemotherapy is identical to consolidation chemotherapy but a different drug than the induction chemotherapy is
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is given prior to a local treatment such as surgery, and is designed to shrink the primary tumor.
- Adjuvant chemotherapy is given after a local treatment (radiotherapy or surgery) to prevent recurrence.
- Maintenance chemotherapy is a repeated low-dose treatment to prolong remission.
- Salvage chemotherapy or palliative chemotherapy is given without curative intent, but simply to decrease tumor load and symptoms
and increase life expectancy.
Many of the side effects of chemotherpy can be traced to damage to normal cells and results in the most common side-effects of
chemotherapy: myelosuppression (decreased production of blood cells: Neutropenia, Thrmbocytopenia, immunosuppression)
Nausea, Vomitting, Fatigue, Mucositis (inflammation of the lining of the digestive tract), and alopecia (hair loss).